PHY 177: Structure of Matter, Electricity & Magnetism   and Nanophysics

Credit Hours: 3:00 (Level-1, Term-2, ChE)

Structure of Matter: Crystalline and non-crystalline solids, Single crystal and polycrystal solids, Unit cell, Crystal systems, Coordination number, Crystal planes and directions, NaCl and CsCl structure, Packing factor, Miller indices, Relation between interplanar spacing and Miller indices, Bragg's Law, Methods of determination of interplanar spacing from diffraction patterns; Defects in solids: Point defects, Line defects; Bonds in solids, Interatomic distances, Calculation of cohesive and bonding energy; Introduction to band theory: Distinction between metal, semiconductor and insulator.

Electricity and Magnetism: Coulomb's Law, Electric field (E), Gauss's Law and its application, Electric potential (V), Capacitors and capacitance, Capacitors with dielectrics, Dielectrics an atomic view, Charging and discharging of a capacitor, Ohm's Law, Kirchoff's Law; Magnetic field: Magnetic induction, Magnetic force on a current carrying conductor, Torque on a current carrying loop, Hall effect, Faradays Law of electromagnetic induction, Lenz's Law, Self induction, Mutual induction; Magnetic properties of matter; Hysteresis curve; Electromagnetic oscillation: L-C oscillations and its analogy to simple harmonic motion.

Nanophysics:  Postulates of Quantum Mechanics, Schrödinger equation, Uncertainity principle, Expectation value, Particle in a zero potential, Calculation of energy. Concepts of nanomaterials, Synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials, Applications of nanostructured materials, Production, characterization and applications of thin film, Defects in thin films, Electron transport and optical properties of thin films.